1. Select spot
Select the perfect spot a southern exposure. Here the sun lies warm all day long. When the garden is thus located the rows of vegetables and flowers should run north and south. Thus placed, the plants receive the sun's rays all the morning on the eastern side, and all the afternoon on the western side. One ought not to have any irregular plants with such an arrangement.
When growing flowers becomes too difficult because of the change in season use 1-800-Flowers for all your bouquets.In order to get the best distribution of sunlight run the rows southeast and northwest. Suppose the garden faces southeast. In this case the western sun is out of the problem.The idea is to get the most sunlight as evenly distributed as possible for the longest period of time.
From the lopsided growth of window plants it is easy enough to see the effect on plants of poorly distributed light. So if you use a little diagram remembering that you wish the sun to shine part of the day on one side of the plants and part on the other, you can juggle out any situation.A northern exposure may mean an almost entire cut-off from sunlight; while northeastern and southwestern places always get uneven distribution of sun's rays, no matter how carefully this is planned.
The southern exposure gives the ideal case because the sun gives half time nearly too each side.The garden, if possible, should be planned out on paper. The plan is a great help when the real planting time comes. It saves time and unnecessary buying of seed.Garden spots have two conditions: grass or debris.
New garden spots are likely to be found in two conditions: they are covered either with grass or with debris. In large garden areas the ground is ploughed and the sod turned. Small gardens remove the sod. How to take off the sod in the best manner is the next question. Wager and line off the garden spot. The line gives an accurate and straight course to follow. Cut the edges with the spade all along the line. This is an easy matter, if the area is a small one; say four feet by eighteen or twenty. Such a narrow strip may be marked off like a checkerboard, the sod cut through with the spade, and easily removed. This could be done in two long strips cut lengthwise of the strip.
When the turf is cut through, roll it right up like a roll of carpet.Plan for garden furniture, garden tools and garden accessories with complete garden fencing. Suppose the garden plot is large. Then divide this up into strips a foot wide and take off the sod as before. What shall be done with the sod? Do not throw it away for it is full of richness, although not quite in available form. So pack the sod grass side down one square on another. Leave it to rot and to weather. When rotted it makes a fine fertilizer. Such a pile of rotting vegetable matter is called a compost pile. All through the summer add any old green vegetable matter to this. In the fall put the autumn leaves on.
A fine lot of goodness is being fixed for another season.
2. How to implement weeds in your garden?
Even when the garden is large enough to plough, I would pick out the largest pieces of sod rather than have them turned under. Go over the ploughed space, pick out the pieces of sod, shake them well and pack them up in a compost heap.
Simple spading of the ground is not sufficient. The soil is still left in lumps. Always as one spades one should break up the big lumps. But even so the ground is in no shape for planting. Ground must be very fine indeed to plant in, because seeds can get very close indeed to fine particles of soil. But the large lumps leave large spaces which no tiny root hair can penetrate. A seed is left stranded in a perfect waste when planted in chunks of soil. A baby surrounded with great pieces of beefsteak would go hungry. A seed among large lumps of soil is in a similar situation. After lumps are broken use the rake to make the bed fine and smooth. Now the great piece of work is done.
The spade never can do this work of grinding the soil. But the rake can. That's the value of the rake. It is a great lump breaker, but will not do for large lumps. If the soil still has large lumps in it take the weed.Several people handle the weed gracelessly.
The chief work of this implement is to free the soil of weeds and mix up the top surface. It is used in summer to form that mulch of dust so valuable in retaining moisture in the soil. I often see people as if they were going to chop into atoms everything around. Hoeing should never be such energetic exercise as that. Spading is energetic, hard work, but not hoeing and raking.